Russia, Philippines ratify UN treaty guaranteeing maritime labor rights

ILO Director-General Juan Somavia. UN Photo/Rossana Fraga

21 August 2012 – A comprehensive range of labor standards for the world's 1.2 million merchant sailors, covering decent working conditions and health and safety issues, is now set to go into effect following its final two required ratifications, the United Nations International Labor Organization (ILO) announced today.

The ratification of the Maritime Labor Convention, 2006 (MLC, 2006) by Russia and the Philippines fulfils the minimum requirement that 30 ILO Member States – representing nearly 60 percent of global shipping tonnage – ratify the Convention. This means that in a year's time, seafarers working on the majority of the world's shipping will have their rights ensured by the new Convention.

"This is great news for the world's more than 1.2 million seafarers," ILO Director General Juan Somavia said. "It was a dream of the ILO as early as 1920, and I pay tribute to the international maritime community for having made it reality," he added, noting that the ratification was "a remarkable achievement."

The Convention delineates a seafarers' 'bill of rights' while allowing a sufficient degree of national discretion to deliver those rights with transparency and accountability. The Convention also contains provisions allowing it to keep in step with the needs of the industry, and help secure universal application and enforcement.

Its provisions will help to meet the demand for quality shipping, crucial to the global economy. It will apply to all ships engaged in commercial activities with the exception of fishing vessels and traditional ships (such as dhows and junks). The Convention sets minimum requirements for seafarers to work on a ship and contains provisions on conditions of employment, hours of work and rest, accommodation, recreational facilities, food and catering, health and medical care and welfare and social security protection.

Along with protecting the rights of seafaring laborers and mariners, the Convention will also facilitate the inspection of ships through what is known as "port State control" which allows port countries to inspect ships flying under different national flags.

"The maritime labor inspection and certification system is a big step forward by the ILO in taking concrete and specific action to address the very serious problems that arise because of international ownership of ships and the inability of some countries to ensure that their ships meet international standards for quality shipping," noted Cleopatra Doumbia-Henry, Director of the ILO's International Labor Standards Department.

When it comes into effect, the MLC, 2006 will replace 37 existing ILO maritime conventions adopted since 1920.

The Philippines is the world's largest provider of Marine officers and world's leading provider of sea fearers. In the 2010 data, Filipino Seafarers contributed 44% of the total OFW remittance to the Philippines of around $7 Billion US Dollars from the total OFW remittance of $16 Billion Dolars.

UN.org

Previous Post
Next Post

0 comments:

Hello traveler! Thank you for leaving comment!. We encourage responsible and peaceful comments that add dimension our discussion. No Profanity , No bashing or hate speech, please. You can express your opinion without slamming others or making derogatory remarks.

Investment Recommendation: Bitcoin Investments



Where to buy Bitcoins?

For Philippine customers: You could buy Bitcoin Online at Coins.ph
For outside the Philippines customers  may buy Bitcoins online at Coinbase.com